Document
false--12-31Q3201900000450120.100.100.100.100.100.1011001113153000000138410000007380000007620000000.180.180.180.180.180.182.502.50200000000020000000001069000000106800000010000000330000006000000180000000198000000192000000 0000045012 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 2019-10-18 0000045012 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:ProductMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:ProductMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:ProductMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:ServiceMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:ServiceMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:ProductMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:ServiceMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:ServiceMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 2018-12-31 0000045012 2019-09-30 0000045012 2018-09-30 0000045012 2017-12-31 0000045012 country:VE 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 country:VE 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:DrillingAndEvaluationMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 hal:CompletionAndProductionMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:DrillingAndEvaluationMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 hal:CompletionAndProductionMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:MaterialReconcilingItemsMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:CompletionAndProductionMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:MaterialReconcilingItemsMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 hal:CompletionAndProductionMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:MaterialReconcilingItemsMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:DrillingAndEvaluationMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:MaterialReconcilingItemsMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 hal:DrillingAndEvaluationMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 country:US us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CorporateAndOtherMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 country:US us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000045012 srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 country:US us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 country:US us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 hal:MiddleEastAsiaMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 srt:LatinAmericaMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:MiddleEastAsiaMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 srt:LatinAmericaMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 hal:EuropeAfricaCISMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:EuropeAfricaCISMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:EuropeAfricaCISMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 srt:NorthAmericaMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:MiddleEastAsiaMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:EuropeAfricaCISMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 srt:LatinAmericaMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:MiddleEastAsiaMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 srt:LatinAmericaMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 2019-01-01 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-01-01 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-04-01 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-04-01 2018-06-30 0000045012 2018-01-01 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-04-01 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-04-01 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2017-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-04-01 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-01-01 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-01-01 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-09-30 0000045012 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2017-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-04-01 2018-06-30 0000045012 2018-04-01 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-01-01 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2017-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2017-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2017-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-04-01 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-04-01 2019-06-30 0000045012 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-04-01 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-04-01 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-04-01 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-04-01 2019-06-30 0000045012 2019-04-01 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-03-31 0000045012 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-06-30 0000045012 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-12-31 0000045012 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-03-31 0000045012 us-gaap:FinancialGuaranteeMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 hal:SuperfundSitesMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-01-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2018-01-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2018-07-01 2018-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 0000045012 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-09-30 0000045012 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 hal:Division iso4217:USD xbrli:shares hal:Countries hal:Customers xbrli:pure iso4217:USD hal:Superfund_Sites xbrli:shares
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019

OR
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from _____ to _____

Commission File Number 001-03492

HALLIBURTON COMPANY

(a Delaware corporation)
75-2677995

3000 North Sam Houston Parkway East
Houston, Texas 77032
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

Telephone Number – Area Code (281) 871-2699

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $2.50 per share
HAL
New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes
No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes
No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large Accelerated Filer
Accelerated Filer
 
Non-accelerated Filer
Emerging Growth Company
 
Smaller Reporting Company
 
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Yes
No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes
No

As of October 18, 2019, there were 877,804,397 shares of Halliburton Company common stock, $2.50 par value per share, outstanding.



HALLIBURTON COMPANY

Index

 
 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

HALLIBURTON COMPANY
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
Nine Months Ended
September 30
Millions of dollars and shares except per share data
2019
2018
2019
2018
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
Services
$
4,207

$
4,800

$
13,118

$
13,996

Product sales
1,343

1,372

4,099

4,063

Total revenue
5,550

6,172

17,217

18,059

Operating costs and expenses:
 

 

 

 

Cost of services
3,860

4,280

12,220

12,508

Cost of sales
1,101

1,104

3,317

3,232

Impairments and other charges


308

265

General and administrative
53

72

168

195

Total operating costs and expenses
5,014

5,456

16,013

16,200

Operating income
536

716

1,204

1,859

Interest expense, net of interest income of $6, $10, $18 and $33
(141
)
(140
)
(428
)
(417
)
Other, net
(23
)
(42
)
(61
)
(86
)
Income before income taxes
372

534

715

1,356

Income tax provision
(76
)
(100
)
(190
)
(367
)
Net income
$
296

$
434

$
525

$
989

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(1
)
1

(3
)
3

Net income attributable to company
$
295

$
435

$
522

$
992

 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted net income per share
$
0.34

$
0.50

$
0.60

$
1.13

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding
876

877

874

876

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
876

878

875

879

     See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
 

1

Table of Contents

HALLIBURTON COMPANY
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
September 30
Nine Months Ended
September 30
Millions of dollars
2019
2018
2019
2018
Net income
$
296

$
434

$
525

$
989

Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes

7

2

6

Comprehensive income
$
296

$
441

$
527

$
995

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(1
)
1

(3
)
3

Comprehensive income attributable to company shareholders
$
295

$
442

$
524

$
998

     See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
 


2

Table of Contents


HALLIBURTON COMPANY
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)

Millions of dollars and shares except per share data
September 30,
2019
December 31,
2018
Assets
Current assets:
 
 
Cash and equivalents
$
1,571

$
2,008

Receivables (net of allowances for bad debts of $762 and $738)
5,290

5,234

Inventories
3,380

3,028

Other current assets
979

881

Total current assets
11,220

11,151

Property, plant and equipment (net of accumulated depreciation of $13,841 and $13,153)
8,721

8,873

Goodwill
2,832

2,825

Deferred income taxes
1,344

1,384

Operating lease right-of-use assets
985


Other assets
1,687

1,749

Total assets
$
26,789

$
25,982

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
 

 

Accounts payable
$
2,733

$
3,018

Accrued employee compensation and benefits
657

714

Current portion of operating lease liabilities
208


Other current liabilities
1,094

1,070

Total current liabilities
4,692

4,802

Long-term debt
10,313

10,312

Operating lease liabilities
762


Employee compensation and benefits
476

483

Other liabilities
784

841

Total liabilities
17,027

16,438

Shareholders’ equity:
 

 

Common shares, par value $2.50 per share (authorized 2,000 shares,
issued 1,068 and 1,069 shares)
2,670

2,671

Paid-in capital in excess of par value
108

211

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(353
)
(355
)
Retained earnings
13,800

13,739

Treasury stock, at cost (192 and 198 shares)
(6,480
)
(6,744
)
Company shareholders’ equity
9,745

9,522

Noncontrolling interest in consolidated subsidiaries
17

22

Total shareholders’ equity
9,762

9,544

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
26,789

$
25,982

     See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 


3

Table of Contents

HALLIBURTON COMPANY
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)


 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
Millions of dollars
2019
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
Net income
$
525

$
989

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flows from operating activities:
 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization
1,253

1,184

Impairments and other charges
308

265

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 

 

Inventories
(380
)
(542
)
Accounts payable
(283
)
601

Receivables
7

(431
)
Other operating activities
(152
)
239

Total cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities
1,278

2,305

Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 

Capital expenditures
(1,190
)
(1,475
)
Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment
143

158

Payments to acquire businesses
(31
)
(166
)
Other investing activities
(52
)
44

Total cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities
(1,130
)
(1,439
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 

Dividends to shareholders
(472
)
(473
)
Stock repurchase program
(100
)
(200
)
Payments on long-term borrowings
(11
)
(436
)
Other financing activities
33

28

Total cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities
(550
)
(1,081
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(35
)
(65
)
Decrease in cash and equivalents
(437
)
(280
)
Cash and equivalents at beginning of period
2,008

2,337

Cash and equivalents at end of period
$
1,571

$
2,057

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 

 

Cash payments during the period for:
 

 

Interest
$
394

$
415

Income taxes
$
288

$
191

     See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 


4

Table of Contents

HALLIBURTON COMPANY
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared using generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all information or notes required by generally accepted accounting principles for annual financial statements and should be read together with our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Our accounting policies are in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with these accounting principles requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect:
-
the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements; and
-
the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.

Ultimate results could differ from our estimates.

In our opinion, the condensed consolidated financial statements included herein contain all adjustments necessary to present fairly our financial position as of September 30, 2019 and the results of our operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, and our cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018. Such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature.

In addition, certain reclassifications of prior period balances have been made to conform to the current period presentation. In conjunction with our adoption of the new lease accounting standard, capital leases, which are now referred to as finance leases, have been reclassified on our balance sheet as of December 31, 2018. This consisted of $88 million reclassified from property, plant and equipment to other assets and $109 million reclassified from long-term debt to other liabilities. See Note 5 and Note 11 for further information on the new lease standard.

The results of our operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 may not be indicative of results for the full year.

Note 2. Impairments and Other Charges
    
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recognized certain impairments and other charges as we continue to adjust our cost structure and footprint to the current operating environment. The following table presents various pre-tax charges we recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, which are reflected within "impairments and other charges" on our condensed consolidated statements of operations. There were no impairments and other charges recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2019 or 2018.
 
Nine Months Ended
Millions of dollars
September 30, 2019
September 30, 2018
Long-lived asset impairments
$
150

$

Severance costs
77


Inventory write-downs
33


Venezuela investment write-down

265

Other
48


Total impairments and other charges
$
308

$
265





5

Table of Contents

Note 3. Business Segment and Geographic Information

We operate under two divisions, which form the basis for the two operating segments we report: the Completion and Production segment and the Drilling and Evaluation segment. Intersegment revenue was immaterial. Our equity in earnings and losses of unconsolidated affiliates that are accounted for using the equity method of accounting are included within cost of services and cost of sales on our statements of operations, which is part of operating income of the applicable segment.

The following table presents information on our business segments.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
Nine Months Ended
September 30
Millions of dollars
2019
2018
2019
2018
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
Completion and Production
$
3,506

$
4,170

$
10,973

$
12,141

Drilling and Evaluation
2,044

2,002

6,244

5,918

Total revenue
$
5,550

$
6,172

$
17,217

$
18,059

Operating income:
 
 
 
 
Completion and Production
$
446

$
613

$
1,284

$
1,782

Drilling and Evaluation
150

181

418

560

Total operations
596

794

1,702

2,342

Corporate and other (a)
(60
)
(78
)
(190
)
(218
)
Impairments and other charges (b)


(308
)
(265
)
Total operating income
$
536

$
716

$
1,204

$
1,859

Interest expense, net of interest income
(141
)
(140
)
(428
)
(417
)
Other, net
(23
)
(42
)
(61
)
(86
)
Income before income taxes
$
372

$
534

$
715

$
1,356


(a) Corporate and other includes certain expenses not attributable to a particular business segment, such as costs related to support functions and corporate executives.
(b) For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, amount includes $127 million attributable to Completion and Production, $153 million attributable to Drilling and Evaluation, and $28 million attributable to Corporate and other. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we recognized a pre-tax charge of $265 million related to a write-down of all of our remaining investment in Venezuela. See Note 2 for further discussion on these impairments and other charges. There were no such impairments and other charges recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2019 or 2018.

Receivables
As of September 30, 2019, 39% of our net trade receivables were from customers in the United States. As of December 31, 2018, 43% of our net trade receivables were from customers in the United States. Other than the United States, no other country or single customer accounted for more than 10% of our trade receivables at these dates. We routinely monitor the financial stability of our customers and employ an extensive process to evaluate the collectability of outstanding receivables. This process, which involves a high degree of judgment utilizing significant assumptions, includes analysis of our customers’ historical time to pay, financial condition and various financial metrics, debt structure, credit agency ratings, and production profile, as well as political and economic factors in countries of operations and other customer-specific factors.

Note 4. Revenue

Revenue is recognized based on the transfer of control or our customers' ability to benefit from our services and products in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those services and products. The vast majority of our service and product contracts are short-term in nature. In recognizing revenue for our services and products, we determine the transaction price of purchase orders or contracts with our customers, which may consist of fixed and variable consideration. We also assess our customers' ability and intention to pay, which is based on a variety of factors, including our customers' historical payment experience and financial condition. Payment terms and conditions vary by contract type, although terms generally include a requirement of payment within 20 to 60 days. Other judgments involved in recognizing revenue include an assessment of progress towards completion of performance obligations for certain long-term contracts, which involve estimating total costs to determine our progress towards contract completion and calculating the corresponding amount of revenue to recognize.
    

6

Table of Contents

Disaggregation of revenue
We disaggregate revenue from contracts with customers into types of services or products, consistent with our two reportable segments, in addition to geographical area. Based on the location of services provided and products sold, 53% and 59% of our consolidated revenue was from the United States for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. No other country accounted for more than 10% of our revenue. The following table presents information on our disaggregated revenue.

Millions of dollars
Three Months Ended
September 30
Nine Months Ended
September 30
Revenue by segment:
2019
2018
2019
2018
Completion and Production
$
3,506

$
4,170

$
10,973

$
12,141

Drilling and Evaluation
2,044

2,002

6,244

5,918

Total revenue
$
5,550

$
6,172

$
17,217

$
18,059

Revenue by geographic region:
 
 
 
 
North America
$
2,949

$
3,739

$
9,551

$
11,090

Latin America
608

522

1,766

1,458

Europe/Africa/CIS
831

757

2,402

2,199

Middle East/Asia
1,162

1,154

3,498

3,312

Total revenue
$
5,550

$
6,172

$
17,217

$
18,059



Contract balances
We perform our obligations under contracts with our customers by transferring services and products in exchange for consideration. The timing of our performance often differs from the timing of our customer’s payment, which results in the recognition of receivables and deferred revenue. Deferred revenue represents advance consideration received from customers for contracts where revenue is recognized on future performance of service. Deferred revenue, as well as revenue recognized during the period relating to amounts included as deferred revenue at the beginning of the period, was not material to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

Transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations
Remaining performance obligations represent firm contracts for which work has not been performed and future revenue recognition is expected. We have elected the practical expedient permitting the exclusion of disclosing remaining performance obligations for contracts that have an original expected duration of one year or less. We have some long-term contracts related to software and integrated project management services such as lump sum turnkey contracts. For software contracts, revenue is generally recognized over time throughout the license period when the software is considered to be a right to access our intellectual property. For lump sum turnkey projects, we recognize revenue over time using an input method, which requires us to exercise judgment. Revenue allocated to remaining performance obligations for these long-term contracts is not material.

Note 5. Leases

We adopted a comprehensive new lease accounting standard effective January 1, 2019. The details of the significant changes to our accounting policies resulting from the adoption of the new standard are set out below. We adopted the standard using the optional modified retrospective transition method; accordingly, the comparative information as of December 31, 2018 and for the three and nine months ending September 30, 2018 has not been adjusted and continues to be reported under the previous lease standard. Under the new lease standard, assets and liabilities that arise from all leases are required to be recognized on the balance sheet for lessees. Previously, only capital leases, which are now referred to as finance leases, were recorded on the balance sheet. The adoption of this standard resulted in the recognition of approximately $1.1 billion of operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 1, 2019. The adoption of this standard did not materially impact our condensed consolidated results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. See Note 11 for additional information about the new accounting standard.


7

Table of Contents

Beginning January 1, 2019, for all leases with a term in excess of 12 months, we recognized a lease liability equal to the present value of the lease payments and a right-of-use asset representing our right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For operating leases, lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term, while finance leases include both an operating expense and an interest expense component. For all leases with a term of 12 months or less, we elected the practical expedient to not recognize lease assets and liabilities. We recognize lease expense for these short-term leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

We are a lessee for numerous operating leases, primarily related to real estate, transportation and equipment. The vast majority of our operating leases have remaining lease terms of 10 years or less, some of which include options to extend the leases, and some of which include options to terminate the leases. We generally do not include renewal or termination options in our assessment of the leases unless extension or termination for certain assets is deemed to be reasonably certain. The accounting for some of our leases may require judgment, which includes determining whether a contract contains a lease, determining the incremental borrowing rates to utilize in our net present value calculation of lease payments for lease agreements which do not provide an implicit rate, and assessing the likelihood of renewal or termination options. We also have some lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, which are generally accounted for as a single lease component. For certain equipment leases, such as offshore vessels and drilling rigs, we account for the lease and non-lease components separately.

The following tables illustrate the financial impact of our leases as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, along with other supplemental information about our existing leases:
Millions of dollars
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2019
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2019
Components of lease expense:
 
 
Finance lease cost:
 
 
Amortization of right-of-use assets
$
5

$
14

Interest on lease liabilities
12

40

Operating lease cost
80

266

Short-term lease cost
8

23

Sublease income
(1
)
(4
)
Total lease cost
$
104

$
339



Millions of dollars
As of
September 30, 2019
Components of balance sheet:
 
Operating leases:
 
Operating lease right-of-use assets (non-current)
$
985

Current portion of operating lease liabilities
208

Operating lease liabilities (non-current)
762

Finance leases:
 
Other assets (non-current)
$
136

Other current liabilities
18

Other liabilities (non-current)
128



8

Table of Contents

Millions of dollars except years and percentages
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2019
Other supplemental information:
 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
$
236

Operating cash flows from finance leases
40

Financing cash flows from finance leases
19

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations:
 
Operating leases (a)
$
1,220

Finance leases
69

Weighted-average remaining lease term:
 
Operating leases
9.4 years

Finance leases
5.7 years

Weighted-average discount rate for operating leases
4.5
%
(a) Primarily consists of operating lease right-of-use assets exchanged for lease obligations upon implementation of the
new lease accounting standard on January 1, 2019.

The following table summarizes the maturity of our operating and finance leases as of September 30, 2019:
Millions of dollars
Operating Leases
Finance Leases
2019
$
75

$
15

2020
218

62

2021
172

63

2022
143

63

2023
107

62

Thereafter
524

137

Total lease payments
1,239

402

Less imputed interest
(269
)
(256
)
Total
$
970

$
146



As of December 31, 2018, future total rentals on our noncancellable operating leases were $975 million in the aggregate, which consisted of the following: $275 million in 2019; $146 million in 2020; $122 million in 2021; $100 million in 2022; $78 million in 2023; and $254 million thereafter.


9

Table of Contents

Note 6. Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. In the United States, we manufacture certain finished products and parts inventories for drill bits, completion products, bulk materials and other tools that are recorded using the last-in, first-out method, which totaled $177 million as of September 30, 2019 and $186 million as of December 31, 2018. If the average cost method had been used, total inventories would have been $12 million higher than reported as of September 30, 2019 and $24 million higher as of December 31, 2018. The cost of the remaining inventory was recorded using the average cost method. We had $3.4 billion of inventory as of September 30, 2019, a 12% increase from December 31, 2018, primarily associated with a build-up of our artificial lift, completion tools and directional drilling inventory. Inventories consisted of the following:
Millions of dollars
September 30,
2019
December 31,
2018
Finished products and parts
$
2,122

$
1,947

Raw materials and supplies
1,114

934

Work in process
144

147

Total
$
3,380

$
3,028



All amounts in the table above are reported net of obsolescence reserves of $179 million as of September 30, 2019 and $219 million as of December 31, 2018.


10

Table of Contents

Note 7. Shareholders’ Equity

The following tables summarize our shareholders’ equity activity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018, respectively:
Millions of dollars
Common Shares
Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par Value
Treasury Stock
Retained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Noncontrolling Interest in Consolidated Subsidiaries
Total
Balance at December 31, 2018
$
2,671

$
211

$
(6,744
)
$
13,739

$
(355
)
$
22

$
9,544

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income



152



152

Other comprehensive income




1


1

Cash dividends ($0.18 per share)



(157
)


(157
)
Stock plans

13

74




87

Other





(2
)
(2
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
$
2,671

$
224

$
(6,670
)
$
13,734

$
(354
)
$
20

$
9,625

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 


 
 
 


Net income



75


2

77

Other comprehensive income




1


1

Cash dividends ($0.18 per share)



(157
)


(157
)
Stock repurchase program


(100
)



(100
)
Stock plans
(1
)
(166
)
250




83

Other




1

(6
)
(5
)
Balance at June 30, 2019
$
2,670

$
58

$
(6,520
)
$
13,652

$
(352
)
$
16

$
9,524

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 


Net income



295


1

296

Other comprehensive income







Cash dividends ($0.18 per share)



(158
)


(158
)
Stock plans

50

40




90

Other



11

(1
)

10

Balance at September 30, 2019
$
2,670

$
108

$
(6,480
)
$
13,800

$
(353
)
$
17

$
9,762


    

11

Table of Contents

Millions of dollars
Common Shares
Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par Value
Treasury Stock
Retained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Noncontrolling Interest in Consolidated Subsidiaries
Total
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
2,673

$
207

$
(6,757
)
$
12,668

$
(469
)
$
27

$
8,349

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income



46


1

47

Other comprehensive income




(2
)

(2
)
Cash dividends ($0.18 per share)



(158
)


(158
)
Stock plans
(1
)
15

113




127

Other



30


(2
)
28

Balance at March 31, 2018
$
2,672

$
222

$
(6,644
)
$
12,586

$
(471
)
$
26

$
8,391

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 


Net Income



511


(3
)
508

Other comprehensive income




1


1

Cash dividends ($0.18 per share)



(158
)


(158
)
Stock plans

(97
)
201




104

Other





(3
)
(3
)
Balance at June 30, 2018
$
2,672

$
125

$
(6,443
)
$
12,939

$
(470
)
$
20

$
8,843

Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income



435


(1
)
434

Other comprehensive income




7


7

Cash dividends ($0.18 per share)



(157
)


(157
)
Stock repurchase program


(200
)



(200
)
Stock plans

45

46




91

Other



(1
)


(1
)
Balance at September 30, 2018
$
2,672

$
170

$
(6,597
)
$
13,216

$
(463
)
$
19

$
9,017


    
        
Our Board of Directors has authorized a program to repurchase our common stock from time to time. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, under that program we repurchased approximately 4.5 million shares of our common stock for a total cost of $100 million. Approximately $5.2 billion remained authorized for repurchases as of September 30, 2019. From the inception of this program in February 2006 through September 30, 2019, we repurchased approximately 217 million shares of our common stock for a total cost of approximately $8.9 billion.

Accumulated other comprehensive loss consisted of the following:
Millions of dollars
September 30,
2019
December 31,
2018
Defined benefit and other postretirement liability adjustments
$
(203
)
$
(203
)
Cumulative translation adjustments
(83
)
(82
)
Other
(67
)
(70
)
Total accumulated other comprehensive loss
$
(353
)
$
(355
)



12

Table of Contents

Note 8. Commitments and Contingencies

Environmental
We are subject to numerous environmental, legal and regulatory requirements related to our operations worldwide. In the United States, these laws and regulations include, among others:
-
the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act;
-
the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act;
-
the Clean Air Act;
-
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act;
-
the Toxic Substances Control Act; and
-
the Oil Pollution Act.

In addition to the federal laws and regulations, states and other countries where we do business often have numerous environmental, legal, and regulatory requirements by which we must abide. We evaluate and address the environmental impact of our operations by assessing and remediating contaminated properties in order to avoid future liabilities and comply with environmental, legal and regulatory requirements. Our Health, Safety and Environment group has several programs in place to maintain environmental leadership and to help prevent the occurrence of environmental contamination. On occasion, we are involved in environmental litigation and claims, including the remediation of properties we own or have operated, as well as efforts to meet or correct compliance-related matters. We do not expect costs related to those claims and remediation requirements to have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, consolidated results of operations, or consolidated financial position. Our accrued liabilities for environmental matters were $64 million as of September 30, 2019 and $42 million as of December 31, 2018. Because our estimated liability is typically within a range and our accrued liability may be the amount on the low end of that range, our actual liability could eventually be well in excess of the amount accrued. Our total liability related to environmental matters covers numerous properties.

Additionally, we have subsidiaries that have been named as potentially responsible parties along with other third parties for six federal and state Superfund sites for which we have established reserves. As of September 30, 2019, those six sites accounted for approximately $14 million of our $64 million total environmental reserve. Despite attempts to resolve these Superfund matters, the relevant regulatory agency may at any time bring suit against us for amounts in excess of the amount accrued. With respect to some Superfund sites, we have been named a potentially responsible party by a regulatory agency; however, in each of those cases, we do not believe we have any material liability. We also could be subject to third-party claims with respect to environmental matters for which we have been named as a potentially responsible party.

Guarantee arrangements
In the normal course of business, we have agreements with financial institutions under which approximately $2.1 billion of letters of credit, bank guarantees or surety bonds were outstanding as of September 30, 2019. Some of the outstanding letters of credit have triggering events that would entitle a bank to require cash collateralization. None of these off balance sheet arrangements either has, or is likely to have, a material effect on our condensed consolidated financial statements.


13

Table of Contents

Note 9. Income per Share

Basic income per share is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted income per share includes additional common shares that would have been outstanding if potential common shares with a dilutive effect had been issued. Antidilutive shares represent potential common shares which are excluded from the computation of diluted income per share as their impact would be antidilutive.

A reconciliation of the number of shares used for the basic and diluted income per share computations is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
Nine Months Ended
September 30
Millions of shares
2019
2018
2019
2018
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding
876

877

874

876

Dilutive effect of awards granted under our stock incentive plans

1

1

3

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
876

878

875

879

 
 
 
 
 
Antidilutive shares:
 
 
 
 
Options with exercise price greater than the average market price
26

15

23

7

Total antidilutive shares
26

15

23

7



Note 10. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amount of cash and equivalents, receivables and accounts payable, as reflected in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, approximates fair value due to the short maturities of these instruments.

The carrying amount and fair value of our total debt, including short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt, is as follows:
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Millions of dollars
Level 1
Level 2
Total fair value
Carrying value
 
Level 1
Level 2
Total fair value
Carrying value
Total debt
$
11,012

$
782

$
11,794

$
10,327

 
$
6,726

$
4,041

$
10,767

$
10,348



Our debt categorized within level 1 on the fair value hierarchy is calculated using quoted prices in active markets for identical liabilities with transactions occurring on the last two days of period-end. Our debt categorized within level 2 on the fair value hierarchy is calculated using significant observable inputs for similar liabilities where estimated values are determined from observable data points on our other bonds and on other similarly rated corporate debt or from observable data points of transactions occurring prior to two days from period-end and adjusting for changes in market conditions. Differences between the periods presented in our level 1 and level 2 classification of our long-term debt relate to the timing of when third party market transactions on our debt are executed. We have no debt categorized within level 3 on the fair value hierarchy.

Note 11. New Accounting Pronouncements
    
Leases
Effective January 1, 2019, we adopted an accounting standard update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) related to accounting for leases, which requires lessees to record assets and liabilities that arise for all leases on their balance sheet and expanded financial statement disclosures for both lessees and lessors. Previously, only capital leases were recorded on the balance sheet. This update requires lessees to recognize a lease liability equal to the present value of its lease payments and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term for all leases longer than 12 months. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and liabilities and instead recognize lease expense for such leases generally on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Leases with a term of longer than 12 months will be classified as finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern and classification of expense recognition in the income statement.


14

Table of Contents

We adopted this standard using the optional modified retrospective transition method. As such, the comparative financial information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the lease standard in effect during those periods. We also elected other practical expedients provided by the new standard, including the package of practical expedients, the short-term lease recognition practical expedient in which leases with a term of 12 months or less are not recognized on the balance sheet, and the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for the majority of our leases. The adoption of this standard resulted in the recognition of approximately $1.1 billion of operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on our balance sheet as of January 1, 2019. Additionally, capital leases have been reclassified on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 to conform to current period presentation. This consisted of $88 million reclassified from property, plant and equipment to other assets and $109 million reclassified from long-term debt to other liabilities. The adoption of this standard did not materially impact our condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. See Note 5 for our expanded lease disclosures required by the new standard.

15

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW

Organization
We are one of the world's largest providers of products and services to the energy industry. We help our customers maximize value throughout the lifecycle of the reservoir - from locating hydrocarbons and managing geological data, to drilling and formation evaluation, well construction and completion, and optimizing production throughout the life of the asset. Activity levels within our operations are significantly impacted by spending on upstream exploration, development and production programs by major, national and independent oil and natural gas companies. We report our results under two segments, the Completion and Production segment and the Drilling and Evaluation segment:
-
our Completion and Production segment delivers cementing, stimulation, intervention, pressure control, specialty chemicals, artificial lift, and completion products and services. The segment consists of Production Enhancement, Cementing, Completion Tools, Production Solutions, Pipeline and Process Services, Multi-Chem and Artificial Lift.
-
our Drilling and Evaluation segment provides field and reservoir modeling, drilling, evaluation and precise wellbore placement solutions that enable customers to model, measure, drill and optimize their well construction activities. The segment consists of Baroid, Sperry Drilling, Wireline and Perforating, Drill Bits and Services, Landmark Software and Services, Testing and Subsea, and Consulting and Project Management.

The business operations of our segments are organized around four primary geographic regions: North America, Latin America, Europe/Africa/CIS and Middle East/Asia. We have manufacturing operations in various locations, the most significant of which are located in the United States, Canada, Malaysia, Singapore and the United Kingdom. With approximately 60,000 employees, we operate in more than 80 countries around the world, and our corporate headquarters are in Houston, Texas.

Financial results
We continued to manage challenging market dynamics during the third quarter of 2019 as a divergence of the U.S. and international markets remained prevalent. We generated total company revenue of $5.6 billion during the third quarter of 2019, a 10% decrease as compared to the third quarter of 2018. Total company operating income was $536 million during the third quarter of 2019, compared to operating income of $716 million in the third quarter of 2018. Our Completion and Production segment revenue decreased 16% from the third quarter of 2018, primarily driven by lower activity and pricing for stimulation services in North America land, while our Drilling and Evaluation segment revenue increased 2% from the third quarter of 2018 with higher activity for drilling-related services in Europe/Africa/CIS more than offsetting lower project management and drilling activity in the Middle East. International activity growth is gaining momentum across multiple regions and both of our divisions are meaningfully contributing to our international growth. While our Drilling and Evaluation segment has traditionally had the most exposure to international markets, our Completion and Production segment revenue has grown 13% internationally for the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the first nine months of 2018.

In North America, the market for both drilling and completion services softened during the third quarter of 2019, impacting activity for the oilfield services industry. Additionally, pricing pressures continued as operators tried to lower overall costs in order to meet their cash flow objectives. As a result, our North America revenue decreased 21% in the third quarter of 2019, as compared to the third quarter of 2018, primarily associated with stimulation services in North America land. Customer spending in North America has decreased and is concentrated in the first half of the year. For the first time in ten years, the U.S. land rig count declined approximately 11% from the second to the third quarter, and while the third quarter historically has been the busiest in terms of hydraulic fracturing in the United States, stage counts declined in every month during the third quarter of 2019. We stacked more equipment during the third quarter than we did during the first six months of the year.

Revenue in our international markets increased 7% in the third quarter of 2019, as compared to the third quarter of 2018. We experienced revenue growth across all international regions, particularly in Europe, Asia and Australia, with strong activity growth in our Completion Tools and Cementing businesses. We also continued to experience unconventional activity growth in several international regions, with a significant uptick over the last couple of years in several Middle Eastern countries, Argentina and Australia. Additionally, our Production Enhancement business demonstrated strong international growth in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the first nine months of 2018. We leveraged our experience in U.S. shales to provide a customized application of technology, logistics management and operational excellence to maximize asset value for our international customers.


16

Table of Contents

Business outlook
Our industry is going through a transformation brought on by the shale revolution and the down-cycle from earlier this decade. The industry has removed substantial costs from the system and introduced significant efficiencies. Many of our customers in North America have shifted their strategy from production growth to operating within cash flow and generating returns. These customers are focused on maximizing production per every dollar of capital spending, and technology that can improve well productivity will be key to their success. While the North America and international markets continue to diverge, we believe we are well positioned in this dynamic market by executing on our value proposition of collaborating with our customers to engineer solutions that deliver the lowest cost per barrel.

In North America, we expect activity to further decline in the fourth quarter of 2019 across all basins in the land market given the reduction in customer spending that we see, which will impact both our business segments. These declines are attributed not only to holiday and potential weather impacts, but also to cash flow generation commitments by our customers, an oversupplied gas market, and concerns surrounding oil demand softness in 2020. We anticipate that the rig count and completions activity during the fourth quarter of 2019 will be lower than in the fourth quarter of 2018. Earlier this year we restructured our North America organization by removing several layers of management, which has changed our cost profile and increased our market responsiveness. In the fourth quarter, we plan to undertake further cost reductions by streamlining our operations and corporate functions. We will also continue deploying new technologies that lower our cost and improve margins.

Internationally, we expect activity improvement to continue at a steady pace. The offshore rig count increased 19% from the third quarter of 2018 to the third quarter of 2019, and a broader offshore recovery should add momentum to international growth going forward. Our pipeline of projects is strong and we are reallocating assets to the markets where we can earn the highest returns. We will continue to focus on the international mature fields market, and we are growing our Production Group business, which comprises artificial lift, specialty chemicals and well intervention solutions. All of these efforts provide us with a strong base to capitalize on the international recovery. As such, we expect more revenue and margin growth opportunities coming from mature international fields and shallow water international markets.

During the first nine months of 2019, we had $1.2 billion of capital expenditures, a decrease of 19% from the first nine months of 2018, as we adjusted to market conditions. These capital expenditures were predominantly in our Sperry Drilling, Production Enhancement, Wireline and Perforating, Artificial Lift, and Production Solutions product service lines. We expect our full year 2019 capital expenditures will be $1.6 billion, a 20% decrease from 2018, with the majority of the reduction coming from North America. The capital spend for this year in the U.S. is mostly directed towards increasing efficiency, reducing emissions and investing in new technologies. We intend to significantly reduce our capital expenditures again in 2020. We are monitoring the market dynamics in North America and will adjust our capital spending according to anticipated activity levels next year.

We intend to continue to strengthen our product service lines through a combination of organic growth, investment and selective acquisitions. We plan to continue executing the following strategies through the end of 2019:
-
directing capital and resources that differentiate our service and product offerings into strategic markets around the world;
-
collaborating with, and engineering solutions to maximize asset value for, our customers;
-
leveraging our broad technology offerings to provide value to our customers and enable them to more efficiently drill and complete their wells;
-
investing in technology that will help our customers reduce reservoir uncertainty, increase operational efficiency and improve well productivity;
-
improving working capital and managing our balance sheet to maximize our financial flexibility;
-
seeking additional ways to be one of the most cost-efficient service providers in the industry by optimizing costs, maintaining capital discipline and leveraging our scale and breadth of operations; and
-
striving to achieve superior returns and cash flow generation for our shareholders.
 
Our operating performance and business outlook are described in more detail in “Business Environment and Results of Operations.”


17

Table of Contents

Financial markets, liquidity, and capital resources
We believe we have invested our cash balances conservatively and secured sufficient financing to help mitigate any near-term negative impact on our operations from adverse market conditions. As of September 30, 2019, we had $1.6 billion of cash and equivalents and $3.5 billion of available committed bank credit under our revolving credit facility. We believe this provides us with sufficient liquidity to address the challenges and opportunities of the current market. For additional information on market conditions, see “Liquidity and Capital Resources” and “Business Environment and Results of Operations.”

18

Table of Contents

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

As of September 30, 2019, we had $1.6 billion of cash and equivalents, compared to $2.0 billion of cash and equivalents at December 31, 2018.

Significant sources and uses of cash during the first nine months of 2019
Sources of cash:
- Cash flows from operating activities were $1.3 billion. This included a negative impact from the primary components of our working capital (receivables, inventories and accounts payable) of a net $656 million, primarily associated with reduced payables and a build-up of inventory related to our strategic technology deployments.
Uses of cash:
- Capital expenditures were $1.2 billion and were predominantly made in our Sperry Drilling, Production Enhancement, Wireline and Perforating, Artificial Lift, and Production Solutions product service lines.
- We paid $472 million in dividends to our shareholders.
- We repurchased approximately 4.5 million shares of our common stock under our share repurchase program at a total cost of $100 million.

Future sources and uses of cash
We manufacture most of our own equipment, which allows us flexibility to increase or decrease our capital expenditures based on market conditions. Capital spending for the full year 2019 is currently expected to be approximately $1.6 billion, a decrease of 20% from 2018, as we remain committed to maintaining capital discipline. We intend to significantly reduce our capital expenditures again in 2020. We are monitoring the market dynamics in North America and will adjust our capital spending according to anticipated activity levels next year.
 
Currently, our quarterly dividend rate is $0.18 per common share, or approximately $158 million. Subject to Board of Directors approval, our intention is to continue paying dividends at our current rate during 2019. Our Board of Directors has authorized a program to repurchase our common stock from time to time. Approximately $5.2 billion remained authorized for repurchases as of September 30, 2019 and may be used for open market and other share purchases.

Other factors affecting liquidity
Financial position in current market. As of September 30, 2019, we had $1.6 billion of cash and equivalents and $3.5 billion of available committed bank credit under our revolving credit facility. Furthermore, we have no financial covenants or material adverse change provisions in our bank agreements, and our debt maturities extend over a long period of time. We believe our cash on hand, cash flows generated from operations and our available credit facility will provide sufficient liquidity to address the challenges and opportunities of the current market and our global cash needs, including capital expenditures, working capital investments, dividends, if any, and contingent liabilities.

Guarantee agreements. In the normal course of business, we have agreements with financial institutions under which approximately $2.1 billion of letters of credit, bank guarantees or surety bonds were outstanding as of September 30, 2019. Some of the outstanding letters of credit have triggering events that would entitle a bank to require cash collateralization.

Credit ratings. Our credit ratings with Standard & Poor’s (S&P) remain A- for our long-term debt and A-2 for our short-term debt, with a negative outlook. Our credit ratings with Moody’s Investors Service (Moody's) remain Baa1 for our long-term debt and P-2 for our short-term debt, with a stable outlook.
 
Customer receivables. In line with industry practice, we bill our customers for our services in arrears and are, therefore, subject to our customers delaying or failing to pay our invoices. In weak economic environments, we may experience increased delays and failures to pay our invoices due to, among other reasons, a reduction in our customers’ cash flow from operations and their access to the credit markets as well as unsettled political conditions. If our customers delay paying or fail to pay us a significant amount of our outstanding receivables, it could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, consolidated results of operations and consolidated financial condition.

19

Table of Contents

BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

We operate in more than 80 countries throughout the world to provide a comprehensive range of services and products to the energy industry. Our revenue is generated from the sale of services and products to major, national, and independent oil and natural gas companies worldwide. The industry we serve is highly competitive with many substantial competitors in each segment of our business. During the first nine months of 2019, based upon the location of the services provided and products sold, 53% of our consolidated revenue was from the United States, compared to 59% of consolidated revenue from the United States in the first nine months of 2018. No other country accounted for more than 10% of our revenue.

Operations in some countries may be adversely affected by unsettled political conditions, acts of terrorism, civil unrest, force majeure, war or other armed conflict, sanctions, expropriation or other governmental actions, inflation, changes in foreign currency exchange rates, foreign currency exchange restrictions and highly inflationary currencies, as well as other geopolitical factors. We believe the geographic diversification of our business activities reduces the risk that an interruption of operations in any one country, other than the United States, would be materially adverse to our consolidated results of operations.

Activity within our business segments is significantly impacted by spending on upstream exploration, development and production programs by our customers. Also impacting our activity is the status of the global economy, which impacts oil and natural gas consumption.

Some of the more significant determinants of current and future spending levels of our customers are oil and natural gas prices and our customers' expectations about future prices, global oil supply and demand, completions intensity, the world economy, the availability of credit, government regulation and global stability, which together drive worldwide drilling and completions activity. Additionally, many of our customers in North America have shifted their strategy from production growth to operating within cash flow and generating returns. Lower oil and natural gas prices usually translate into lower exploration and production budgets and lower rig count, while the opposite is usually true for higher oil and natural gas prices. Our financial performance is therefore significantly affected by oil and natural gas prices and worldwide rig activity, which are summarized in the tables below.

The following table shows the average oil and natural gas prices for West Texas Intermediate (WTI), United Kingdom Brent crude oil, and Henry Hub natural gas:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
Year Ended
December 31
 
2019
2018
2018
Oil price - WTI (1)
$
56.37

$
69.76

$
64.94

Oil price - Brent (1)
61.93

75.22

71.08

Natural gas price - Henry Hub (2)
2.38

2.93

3.17

(1) Oil price measured in dollars per barrel
(2) Natural gas price measured in dollars per million British thermal units (Btu), or MMBtu

The historical average rig counts based on the weekly Baker Hughes rig count data were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2019
2018
2019
2018
U.S. Land
894

1,032

961

1,001

U.S. Offshore
26

19

23

18

Canada
132

209

132

195

North America
1,052

1,260

1,116

1,214

International
1,144

1,003

1,094

981

Worldwide total
2,196

2,263

2,210

2,195



20

Table of Contents

Crude oil prices have been extremely volatile over the past five years. WTI oil spot prices declined significantly beginning in 2014 from a peak price of $108 per barrel in June 2014 to a low of $26 per barrel in February 2016, a level which had not been experienced since 2003. Since the low point experienced in early 2016, oil prices increased substantially, with WTI oil spot prices reaching a high of $77 per barrel in June 2018. In late 2018, oil prices again declined with WTI oil spot prices reaching a low of $44 per barrel in December, but rising to a high of $66 per barrel in April 2019 while averaging $56 per barrel during the third quarter of 2019.

In the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA) October 2019 "Short Term Energy Outlook," the EIA projects Brent prices to average $59 per barrel in the fourth quarter of 2019 and then fall to $57 per barrel by the second quarter of 2020, while WTI prices are projected to average $54 per barrel in the fourth quarter of 2019 and in 2020. Crude oil production in the United States is now projected to average 12.3 million barrels per day in 2019, a 12% increase from 2018. Additionally, the EIA projects that U.S. production will increase 7% in 2020 to an average of 13.2 million barrels per day. The International Energy Agency's (IEA) October 2019 "Oil Market Report" forecasts 2019 global demand to average approximately 100.3 million barrels per day, which is up 1% from 2018 demand, driven by an increase in the Asia Pacific region, while all other regions remain approximately the same.

The Henry Hub natural gas spot price averaged $2.38 per MMBtu in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of $0.55 per MMBtu, or 19%, from the third quarter of 2018. The EIA October 2019 “Short Term Energy Outlook” projects Henry Hub natural gas prices to average $2.43 per MMBtu in the fourth quarter of 2019 and $2.52 per MMBtu in 2020.

North America operations
During the third quarter of 2019, the average United States land rig count decreased 13%, as compared to the third quarter of 2018. The market for both drilling and completion services softened during the third quarter of 2019 and we expect customer activity to further decline in the fourth quarter. Customers remain focused on staying within their capital spending budgets with some customers expected to slow down and scale back their completion programs for the rest of the year. Some of the other factors for expected activity reductions include holidays and potential weather impacts, an oversupplied gas market, and concerns about oil demand softness in 2020. Overall, we expect customer spending for the full year 2019 to decrease in North America as compared to 2018.

International operations
The average international rig count for the third quarter of 2019 was up 14% compared to the third quarter of 2018. We continue to see a broad-based recovery across numerous international geographies, and we expect more revenue and margin growth opportunities coming from mature fields and shallow water markets in 2020. Barring a global economic slowdown, broader offshore recovery should add momentum to the international growth.

Venezuela. The general license issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the U.S. Department of Treasury, which allows us to continue operating in Venezuela despite OFAC sanctions imposed against the Venezuelan energy industry, was set to expire on July 27, 2019, and we received several extensions through January 22, 2020. Consequently, unless OFAC further extends the term of the general license, we will cease operations in Venezuela on that date in order to comply with the sanctions. In that event, it is unlikely that we will be able to remove our assets that remain in Venezuela and those assets may be expropriated. Since we have previously written down all of our investment in Venezuela and have maintained limited operations in this country during the general license period, we do not expect the expiration of the license to have a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated results of operations and consolidated financial condition.

21

Table of Contents

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS IN 2019 COMPARED TO 2018

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019 Compared with Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
Revenue:
Three Months Ended
September 30
Favorable
Percentage
Millions of dollars
2019
2018
(Unfavorable)
Change
Completion and Production
$
3,506

$
4,170

$
(664
)
(16
)%
Drilling and Evaluation
2,044

2,002

42

2

Total revenue
$
5,550

$
6,172

$
(622
)
(10
)%
 
 
 
 
 
By geographic region:
 
 
 
 
North America
$
2,949

$
3,739

$
(790
)
(21
)%
Latin America
608

522

86

16

Europe/Africa/CIS
831

757

74

10

Middle East/Asia
1,162

1,154

8

1

Total revenue
$
5,550

$
6,172

$
(622
)
(10
)%

Operating income (loss):
Three Months Ended
September 30
Favorable
Percentage
Millions of dollars
2019
2018
(Unfavorable)
Change
Completion and Production
$
446

$
613

$
(167
)
(27
)%
Drilling and Evaluation
150

181

(31
)
(17
)
Total
596

794

(198
)
(25
)
Corporate and other
(60
)
(78
)
18

23

Total operating income
$
536

$
716

$
(180
)
(25
)%

Consolidated revenue was $5.6 billion in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of $622 million, or 10%, as compared to the third quarter of 2018. Consolidated operating income was $536 million during the third quarter of 2019, a 25% decrease from operating income of $716 million in the third quarter of 2018. These results were primarily driven by lower activity and pricing for stimulation services in North America land, partially offset by higher stimulation activity in Latin America and increased well construction activity in Europe/Africa/CIS. Revenue from North America was 53% of consolidated revenue in the third quarter of 2019 compared to 61% of consolidated revenue in the third quarter of 2018.